Benchmark of pay as you throw practices for waste management Agrandir l'image

Benchmark of pay as you throw practices for waste management

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To encourage citizens to change their behaviour in order to reduce and improve the valorisation of their waste, territories have introduced pays as you throw (PAYT) to finance the management of their waste, combined with other public policy tools.
This study analyses the PAYT practices for the management of household and[…]  Plus de détails

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Auteurs MICHEL Frédéric, STANDAERT Simon, HUPPERTZ Tom, ROUSSAT Nicolas, RDC ENVIRONNEMENT, GIRUS
Public(s) Collectivités territoriales
Administration publique
Thématique Déchets/Economie circulaire
Collection Expertise
Date d'édition 2018/03
Type de document Synthèse d'expertise
Nb. de pages 9 P
Format pdf/A4
Langue EN

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To encourage citizens to change their behaviour in order to reduce and improve the valorisation of their waste, territories have introduced pays as you throw (PAYT) to finance the management of their waste, combined with other public policy tools.
This study analyses the PAYT practices for the management of household and similar waste in 8 industrialized territories (Austria, California, Germany, Italy, Ontario, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Wallonia).
The objectives of this benchmarking exercise were:

  • To establish a state of the practices of pay as you throw (PAYT) and to capitalize on lessons learned
  • To study the technical solutions provided by local authorities located in urban or tourist areas
  • To study the transferability in France of the measures taken by the territories to implement PAYT
The main results of the studied territories are :
  • In the territories studied, where PAYT is now the majority, there are strong restrictions on the types of waste accepted in landfill and a very high landfill tax.
  • In all PAYT territories, the residual waste production has decreased.
  • The separation of the waste collection competence and the treatment competences is generally not observed.
  • Following the implementation of an PAYT system, local authorities in the studied territories have reduced the frequency of collection of residual waste.
  • Before PAYT was introduced, municipalities already managed the funding (tax collection...). The switch from simple tax to PAYT has therefore not led, as in France, to the creation of a database of tax payers or to the creation of an ad hoc invoicing service.
  • No social tariffs were identified. However, non-widespread reductions or exemptions are applied by some municipalities.

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